How to Fix a 'Boot Configuration Data File is Missing' Error in Windows 10

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You have Windows 10 on your laptop. It was there yesterday. But now, when you turn on your computer, you're greeted with error code 0xc0000034, "The Boot Configuration Data file is missing."  

The good news is that your data isn't lost, and you can get it all back (we'll show you how). The bad news is that you'll have to do a little work to restore that missing file. Here's how to fix a 'configuration data file' boot error in Windows 1o:

First, you'll need a DVD or USB stick containing Windows installation media. You can download a utility from Microsoft here that will create that for you. Next, follow these steps:

1. Insert your installation media into the computer.

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2. Boot to the media. We had to press F12 during bootup on the Dell we fixed up to reach this menu, though these keys can differ depending on your laptop's make and model.

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3. Click Next on the Windows Setup menu.

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4. Click "Repair your computer."

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5. Choose Troubleshoot.

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6. Select "Advanced options."

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7. Pick "Command Prompt."

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8. Type Bootrec /fixmbr and press the enter key.

9. Type Bootrec /fixboot and press the enter key.

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10. Type Bootrec /scanos and press the enter key.

11. Type Bootrec /rebuildbcd and press the enter key.

12. Type "A" to add the installation to the boot list and hit enter.

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13. Exit the command prompt with the X button on the top of the window.

14. Click "Continue" to go to your desktop.

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Author Bio
Andrew E. Freedman
Andrew E. Freedman,
Andrew joined in 2015, reviewing computers and keeping up with the latest news. He holds a M.S. in Journalism (Digital Media) from Columbia University. A lover of all things gaming and tech, his previous work has shown up in Kotaku, PCMag and Complex, among others. Follow him on Twitter @FreedmanAE.
Andrew E. Freedman, on
Add a comment
  • Derek Jackson Says:

    Thank you for this, saved my day!!!!!

  • Waris Malik Says:

    Thank you! This fixed my issue.

  • André Says:

    God bless you!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • James McDonald Says:

    Laptop starts to turn on then a blue screen with writing on appears for a second before the laptop just turns off. I can only make out "Boot configuration......." before the screen disappears. How am I supposed to try any of the above in the split second the laptop is active?

  • charles Says:

    Ok it doesnt work at all. This problem is happening to me in the installation of 8.1 and the method cant repair something that missing in the first place, right? The HD is blank and the 8.1 DVD is a locked or fixed value, so from where is the error coming? I have installed Windows many times and never had this problem. In an installation of Windows, from where is this problem coming? If the BDC has to be created, how would you create it and get it into the PC? A naked file thrown onto the HD?

  • cris jordan Says:

    Thank you so much to those who posted this great idea. BIG help and my problem on my pc and laptop were fix..GOD bless

  • Arif R Says:

    Thanks for this share, my problem solved. This same case with Windows 8.1 bcd problem.

  • Alvin Says:

    Thanks for the article, it help with my problem. The comment by Ooarvask about DISKPART was very helpful

  • Ricky Says:

    Thank you! This fixed my issue right away. You're a live savior

  • Tere J Says:

    How would you know what volume is EFI?

    VOL 0 F DVD Rom
    Vol 1 C OS
    Vol 2 Recovery
    Vol 3 D Data
    Vol 4 System
    Vol 5 E USB (bootable usb)

  • Akhoddad Says:

    Thanks a worked for me
    God bless you

  • Abdul Rafey Says:

    Thanks man .. u r life savor.. it worked

  • Sweetverni Says:

    "Access is denied." for "Bootrec/ fixboot" command... How should I proceed?

  • Stanley Says:

    After selecting A to add installation to boot list. Am getting: The volume does not contain a recognized file system. Please help me find a solution.

  • JashBZ Says:

    Of all the sites i checked out trying to fixed my PC yours was the only one that worked.

  • David Says:

    Tengo un problema, después de que inserto el comando "Bootrec/fixboot" dice acceso denegado y no funciona, tambien ya intente seguir con ese proceso pero al final dice "no se puede crear un archivo que ya existe". Necesito ayuda, mi portátil es una Toshiba Satellite.

  • ekin see Says:

    please make another one because i have lenovo i beg you please

  • Yushin Says:

    Thank you very much for this !

  • Ethan Says:

    Thanks to help me fixing my computer and it is working now.

    Thanks you ☺☺☺

  • Behnam Says:

    Thank You very much.
    Thanks for the help

  • Gulnahar Mahbub Monika Says:

    When i press
    A it says "The required system device can not be found"
    What should i do?

  • Avdeep Singh Says:

    Really thanks for your information and whatever downloads.All other sites are fake but your site I can believe that man.. I really appreciate for your uploads .thanks again

  • Matthew Says:

    Thanks for this! I searched all day looking for this simple fix! (No other websites thought it was this simple...) THANK YOU!

  • don abbott Says:

    thankyou you helped me fix a corrupted boot file on my dell.last time this ocurred dell had me wipe out everything . you had me up and running in under 10 min. Your awesome!

  • Sumit Gupta Says:

    Thanks Bro!!👍
    Thanks for the help!!👍👌

  • samuel Says:

    Thank you! I have an exam today and my pc ran into this problem yesterday night. I was so sure that the data was gone. But then, I found you.
    I followed the steps you listed and successfully got it running back in good health.
    Thanks a lot , dude !!
    I'm forever indebted to you. :)

  • cplus cplus s/w engineer Says:

    Thanks so much, the instructions were easy to follow and spot on. The longest part was the building of the bootable usb drive.

  • Sara G Says:

    Followed every step and it was repaired in under 30 minutes. Thank you!

  • Harsha Vardhan Reddy A Says:

    Thank you bro. now I can reboot into my windows 10.

  • Father Hobbit Says:

    My Hpx2 went to the advance troubleshhot and was able to follow the Command prompt sequence to fix the issue with a corrupted BCD. Many Thanks for the advice listed.

  • Brian Rizky Bimantara Says:

    Thank you very much dude ! You save my laptop :)). God Bless You

  • Abhinav Anand Says:

    I cant find the screen which asks if you want to repair the system.
    It takes me straight to recovery manager.

  • Madhav Says:

    Seriously!!! You just saved me man!! I got 8TB of data here and you just saved it with a few lines😁😁 Thank you so much Andrew...

  • Some person Says:

    Jesus Christ, Thank YOU, you are so helpful, thank the gods people like u exist :D My Lenovo had this problem and i freaked out so much, well, i hope this would work but thank you thank you thank you

  • Omar R Says:

    Hi, peace :)

    Dear respected Andrew E. Freedman, thank you so much.
    It worked.

  • anders Says:

    The last rebuildbcd did not work I pressed A, but just got an error that the requested system device couldn't be found

  • Alba B Says:

    I also needed to boot it from an USB (wich took 2 hours to prepare!) but then it worked like a charm. Thank you very mucha, I still can't believe that no data was lost!

  • Charlene Banks Says:

    I ran into trouble at the last part, where you type "A". The error said "cannot create an entry that already exists". So I had to type "N" first, which must have deleted the entry, then I ran the command and entered "A", now my computer starts.


  • Liza M Says:

    you just saved my day..thank you so much! XD

  • Davidos Says:

    Thank you so much. Got this problem after doing Win10 Creator update. You saved my day

  • Mohit Maan Says:

    wow.. u just saved my day.. it worked.. thanks a lot

  • Shlomo Says:

    Wow...It worked for my Windows 10 home edition. Thanks a ton.....

  • Scraprok Says:

    Worked perfectly. I used the usb instead of a disk. It takes a little bit of time for the Windows tool to make the files so be patient. I'd like to send a huge thank you to Mr.Freedman, without you I would have lost almost fifteen years worth of family photos and videos of my kids growing up. You saved me from catching a beating from the wife so today sir, you are my hero.

  • mharvic Says:

    Wow it works!!! Thank u very much.. I fallow all the instraction and that was easy and detailed.. thanks a lot.. 👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍

  • Vishnu Kumar Says:

    Thanks but here I am stuck. Clean Install windows 10 from bootable DVD.

    while running bootrec /rebuildBCD

    the request could not be performed because of an I/O device error."

  • Marco Says:

    Thanks for this article! It saved my marriage :) My wifes computer is working again :)

  • Daniël Says:

    Just like some other comments here I get the same "A device attached to the system is not functioning" Message here after completing step 12.. Any suggestions?

  • Michael Says:

    After choosing 'A' for ALL after last command, I get "The requested system device cannot be found" instead of "The operation completed successfully". This is while using an ISO download on USB to boot in Win 10. Any suggestions? Microsoft and Lenovo have not been too helpful.

  • Ray G. Says:

    Worked on my older HP laptop with Windows 10. Thanks for the info. Saved me a lot of time reinstalling my programs. Thanks again!

  • Elisha Garma Says:

    I got it until the last command where you need to press A but it says "The Requested System Device Cannot be found"

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