Schools love to hand out Chromebooks to students, but they may not be happy to find out that Google’s low-priced notebooks log student Web activity and send the records to the company’s servers.
The Chrome operating system's Sync feature, turned on by default on educational Chromebooks, lets Google collect records of students' Web browsing histories, search-engine results, YouTube viewing habits and saved passwords -- as most Web browsers normally do.
On Dec. 2, 2015 the San Francisco-based public-advocacy group the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission, claiming that such data collection violates the Student Privacy Pledge, a voluntary agreement Google signed earlier this year. The pledge states that signatories will "not collect, maintain, use or share student personal information beyond that needed for authorized educational/school purposes, or as authorized by the parent/student."
The EFF doesn't claim that Google uses the collected data to target advertisements, or shares it with third parties, but EFF Staff Attorney Nate Cardozo said in an EFF statement that Google nevertheless "uses it for the company’s own purposes," adding that "minors shouldn't be tracked or used as guinea pigs, with their data treated as a profit center."
The head of one of the two organizations that created the Student Privacy Pledge disagreed.
"We have reviewed the EFF complaint but do not believe it has merit," said Jules Polonetsky, a well-known digital-privacy advocate and executive director of the Future of Privacy Forum, in an official statement. "Many schools rely on Sync so that multiple students have ready access to their accounts and settings on the same device. We understand that any data collected is not used for behavioral advertising and all other data uses are aggregated and anonymous."
In a statement given to the Associated Press, Google said, "Our services enable students everywhere to learn and keep their information private and secure."
For now, educational Chromebooks collect data in an opt-out manner. If you want to stop a school Chromebook from sending data to Google, here is a step-by-step walkthrough on how to do so.
How to Keep Google From Spying on Your Kid's Chromebook
1. Click on the user photo icon in the right corner of the screen.
2. Select the Settings icon.
3. Under People, select Sync.
4. Uncheck Sync everything.
5. Uncheck all of the options under Sync everything.
6. Type "forms" into the search field.
7. Click Manage passwords.
8. Under Manage passwords, uncheck the switch next to On.
9. Type "autofill" into the search and turn off the switch next to On.
10. Type Privacy into the search field.
11. Turn off the switches next to:
"Use a web service to help resolve navigation errors"
"Use a prediction service to help complete searches and URLs typed in the address bar or the app launcher search box"
"Use a prediction service to load pages more quickly"
"Automatically send some system information and page content to Google to help detect dangerous apps and sites.
"Automatically send diagnostic and usage data to Google."
"Use a web service to help resolve spelling errors"
12. Check "Send a 'Do Not Track' request with your browsing traffic."
13. Select Confirm to agree.
14. Type Privacy in the search field and Select “Content settings…”
15. Under Protected content, turn off the switch next to “Allow identifiers for protected content”
Now your kid's Chromebook won't be sending data back to Google!
Lead image credit: Google.com
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