M2 Pro MacBook Pro vs. M1 Pro MacBook Pro — how are they different?

Apple MacBook Pro
Apple MacBook Pro (Image credit: Apple)

"The M2 Pro MacBook Pro vs. M1 Pro" face-off is here! Let the games begin!

Like the surprise album Beyoncé dropped a decade ago, the brand spankin’ new MacBook Pros came out of the woodwork on Jan. 16 in two chipset flavors (M2 Pro and M2 Max) and sizes (14 and 16 inches). As Apple’s unexpected announcement electrified the internet, many are wondering, “How do they differ from their predecessors?”

After all, some people already own a previous-generation 14-inch MacBook Pro, so they’re wondering whether the new variants deliver a significant generational leap that warrants an upgrade. Others don’t own a MacBook Pro at all, but want to know whether they’d get more bang for their buck by securing an older model — or would it be more prudent to get a new one?

If you fall into any of the aforementioned camps, worry not, because we’re about to dive into a comparative analysis that should expel any confusion. This particular face-off pits the 14-inch M2 Pro MacBook Pro against the 14-inch M1 Pro MacBook Pro, serving as a microcosm sample of whether Apple’s next-generation laptops deliver a major generation-over-generation improvement worthy of an upgrade or purchase. 

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M2 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch) vs. M1 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch): specs compared
M2 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch)M1 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch)
Starting price$1,999$1,999
Display3024 x 1964 px3024 x 1964 px
ChipsetM2 ProM1 Pro
RAMUp to 32GBUp to 32GB
SSDUp to 8TBUp to 8TB
Ports3 Thunderbolt 4; headphone jack; SDXC reader, HDMI3 Thunderbolt 4; headphone jack; SDXC reader, HDMI (advanced)
Battery Life (hrs:min)13 hours and 56 minutes14 hrs and 8 mins
Geekbench (performance)14,96512,477
Size12.3 x 8.7 x 0.6 inches12.3 x 8.7 x 0.6 inches
Weight3.5 pounds3.5 pounds

M2 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch) vs. M1 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch): Price

Does Apple want you to have any money in your bank account? No. But at least you can use your shiny new MacBook Pro as a coin collector when you beg for change on the streets. All jokes aside, both the M2 MacBook Pro and the M1 Pro MacBook Pro — whew, that’s a mouthful — have a starting price of approximately $2,000.

MacBook Pro 2021

MacBook Pro 2021 (Image credit: Apple)

I say approximately because, yes, the current-gen MacBook Pro currently costs $1,999 on Apple’s official website, and you’ll find its predecessor for $1,999 on Best Buy, but some retailers, like B&H Photo, are discounting the base model of the M1 Pro MacBook Pro for to as low as $1,799.

With the M1 Pro MacBook Pro, the base model gets you an 8-core CPU, a 14-core GPU, 16GB of RAM, a 512GB SSD, and a 67W USB-C power adapter. Conversely, the cheapest M2 Pro MacBook Pro offers a 10-core CPU, a 16-core GPU, 16GB of RAM, and the same charger.

Back in 2021, if you wanted to bump your specs up to a 1TB SSD and 32GB of RAM on the M1 Pro MacBook Pro, you’d have to shell out a gnarly $2,899. It also came with a 10-core CPU, a 16-core GPU, and a 96W USB-C power adapter (B&H Photo is currently selling this configuration for $2,799).

For the same sticker price ($2,899) on the M2 Pro MacBook Pro, you can get a 12-core CPU, a 19-core GPU, alongside all the same RAM, storage and adapter as above.

MacBook Pro 2023

MacBook Pro 2023 (Image credit: Apple)

If you really want to go nuts, the priciest M2 Pro MacBook Pro — I’m talkin’ a 12-core GPU, 19-core GPU, 32GB of RAM, an 8TB SSD, a 96W USB-C power adapter, Final Cut Pro, and Logic Pro — be prepared to sell your soul to Satan. It will cost you a whopping $5,598.98, which is just a euphemism for “holy sh**, this laptop is nearly $6,000!”

Although the 14-inch M1 Pro MacBook Pro is also configurable with up to 8TB of storage, I could only find variants with this storage tier outfitted with the more powerful M1 Max chip (and a RAM bump to 64GB), setting you back nearly $5,299 on B&H Photo. (As you'll see in the performance section, the M2 Pro delivers a significant performance bump over the M1 Max, so it's not the smartest idea to get the aforementioned configuration over the new M2 Pro MacBook Pro).

The moral of the story is here is that you’re not going to save a huge chunk of change by purchasing the last-gen model, so you’d be better off snagging the new one.

You can buy the M2 Pro MacBook Pro now, but it won’t start shipping to consumers until Jan. 24.

Winner: M2 Pro MacBook Pro

M2 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch) vs. M1 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch): Design 

I don’t know why this section is even here — the difference between the M2 Pro MacBook Pro and the M1 Pro MacBook Pro is zilch! Ideally, to mock how monotonous identical they are, I want to just drop the infamous Spider-Man Pointing at Spider-Man meme here and call it a day, but y’know, I’m a tech journalist and I have to be tHoRouGh! *Sigh*

Both the M2 Pro MacBook Pro and its predecessor share the same width (12.31 inches), depth (8.71 inches), and thickness (0.61 inches). They also weigh exactly the same. Like the 14-inch M1 Pro MacBook Pro’s chassis, its successor features a squared-off design with sharp corners and a flat lid.

MacBook Pro 14 2021

Apple MacBook Pro 2021 (14-inch) (Image credit: Future)

On another note, why is Apple trying to bore me to death with uninspired, dull gray hues that continue to be the sole option for the MacBook Pros? I wish this year were different, but nope, you get to choose between another “wide range of colors” this year: Space Gray and Silver. Whoop-dee-doo! On the plus side, you can’t deny that the MacBook Pro’s chassis is sleek, sophisticated, and urbane — nothing says “Look at me, I’m a big shot!” like lugging around a laptop with a lustrous half-eaten Apple as its logo.

Unlike the 13-inch MacBook Pro (2022), you won’t find a Touch Bar on the deck, which I’m sure no one is throwing a tantrum about. Seeing as the M2 Pro MacBook Pro is externally no different from its predecessor, I checked out our review of the 14-inch M1 Pro MacBook Pro, and Laptop Mag Editor-in-Chief claimed that it’s outfitted with the “best iteration of the Magic Keyboard to date,” gushing over its springy feedback and comfortable keys. There’s no doubt in my mind that the new MacBook Pro will deliver the same fantastic experience because, well, they’re exactly the same damnit.

Winner: Draw

M2 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch) vs. M1 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch): Display 

In another episode of Move Along, Nothing to See Here, the M2 MacBook Pro continues to jack the M1 Pro MacBook Pro’s style in the display department. It’s worth noting that while Apple touts these two laptops as having 14-inch panels, they’re actually 14.2-inch displays. That extra 0.2-inch comes from the notch area that houses the 1080p FaceTime HD camera — exciting stuff, huh?! (Yes, that was sarcasm.)

MacBook Pro 14 2021

MacBook Pro 14 2021 (Image credit: Future)

Both mini-LED panels are outfitted with ProMotion technology, allowing the adaptive refresh rate to climb up to 120Hz. As such, if you want to dive into some zippy light gaming and ferocious editing, the screen should facilitate your fast-paced workflows. The Liquid Retina XDR displays on these laptops deliver a native resolution of 3024 x 1964 at 254 pixels per inch. 

Even though the M2 Pro MacBook Pro’s display is a carbon copy of its predecessor,  it outputted better results on our display testing. For example, in regards to the DCI-P3 color gamut, it covered 82.9% compared to the M1 Pro MacBook Pro's 77.6%

The M1 MacBook Pro delivered a killer Delta-E score of 0.19 (closer to zero is better), which means that it’s elite when it comes to color accuracy. (The color accuracy score of the average premium laptop is 0.25, oof!). The new MacBook Pro is less color accurate by a hair (0.20).

Although Apple claimed that the M1 Pro MacBook Pro can deliver a sustained brightness of 1,000 nits (and it’s making the same claim for its successor), the best we’ve seen was 488 nits for the previous-gen laptop. That number hasn't changed for the M2 Pro MacBook Pro — the best luminance we've seen is still 488 nits.

Winner: M2 Pro MacBook Pro

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Display results
Row 0 - Cell 0 M2 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch)M1 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch)
Brightness488 nits488 nits
Delta-E score (color accuracy)0.200.19
DCI-P3 color gamut score82.9%77.6%

M2 Pro MacBook Pro vs. M1 Pro MacBook Pro: Ports 

The snoozefest still continues here, but there are some minimal upgrades worth mentioning.

MacBook Pro 14 2021 ports

MacBook Pro 14 2021 ports (Image credit: Future)

On the right side of both models, you’ll find an HDMI port, Thunderbolt 4, and an SDXC card slot. On the left, you’ll find two more Thunderbolt 4 ports, MagSafe 3, and a headphone jack. What’s different, however, is the new HDMI port, which now supports 8K displays up to a refresh rate of 60Hz.

Since we’re talking about connectivity here, it’s worth noting that the new M2 Pro MacBook Pro adds Wi-Fi 6E to the mix (up from Wi-Fi 6).

Winner: Draw

M2 Pro MacBook Pro vs. M1 Pro MacBook Pro: Performance and graphics 

Sweet relief! We’ve escaped the drudgery of uniformity and entered an arena where competition can finally thrive. If you’re a content creator seeking monstrous performance boosts, this is where the M2 Pro comes into play.

M2 Pro MacBook Pro

M2 Pro MacBook Pro (Image credit: Apple)

The M1 Pro came in two chipset flavors: one with a 10-core CPU and 14-core GPU or another with a 10-core CPU and 16-core GPU. The M2 Pro, on the other hand, comes with either a 10-core CPU and 16-core GPU or a 12-core CPU and 19-core GPU. In other words, with the M2 Pro chip sporting more cores, this means that it can do more calculations and tasks simultaneously compared to its predecessor. Win!

“[The M2 Pro’s] powerful media engine lets you play and edit multiple streams of 4K and 8K ProRes video,” Apple boasted, “and the up to 19-core GPU provides a huge boost in graphics performance.”

Looking at our performance results for the 14-inch M1 Pro MacBook Pro, which demolished its competitors, the M1 Pro knocked it out of the park with a stellar Geekbench 5.4 multi-core score of 12,477. As for the M2 Pro MacBook Pro, according to Geekbench 5.4, it outputted a spectacular score of 14,965.

On the Handbrake video editing test, which tests how fast a laptop can transcode a 4K video to 1080p, the M1 Pro-packed MacBook Pro left the competition in its dust with a zippy transcoding time of four minutes and 51 seconds. The M2 Pro MacBook Pro whizzed past its successor with a time of four minutes and two seconds. Sweet!

M2 Pro MacBook Pro

M2 Pro MacBook Pro (Image credit: Apple)

When we tested how well Adobe Photoshop performed on the M2 Pro MacBook Pro, it delivered a score of 988, beating the M1 Pro MacBook Pro's 806 secore.

No, the MacBook Pro isn’t the best option if you’re looking to play your favorite triple-A games (because it’s clear that Apple doesn’t really care about MacBook gaming). But on the Rise of the Tomb Raider benchmark (Very High, 1080p), the M1 Pro MacBook Pro ran the game at 39 frames per second. The M2 Pro MacBook Pro, on the other hand, managed to hover at around 49 frames per second.

Winner: M2 Pro MacBook Pro

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Performance results
M2 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch)M1 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch)
Geekbench 5.4 (multi-core)14,96512,477
Video transcoding4 minutes and 2 seconds4 minutes and 51 seconds
Rise of the Tomb Raider gaming benchmark49 frames per second39 frames per second
Adobe Photoshop988806

M2 Pro MacBook Pro  vs. M1 Pro MacBook Pro: Battery life 

Take a look at our laptops with the best battery life page. I don’t know if Apple thinks it’s Bad Bunny (or maybe Taylor Swift), but it keeps dominating the charts when it comes to power efficiency. 

Apple MacBook Pro 2021 (14-inch)

Apple MacBook Pro 2021 (14-inch) (Image credit: Future)

According to Apple's newest battery life claim regarding its new MacBook Pro, it could deliver up to 22 hours of battery life. Keep in mind that "up to" are the operative words here. 

On the Laptop Mag battery test, which lets the laptop run out of juice over Wi-Fi at 150 nits of brightness, the 14-inch M2 Pro MacBook Pro did not surpass the 14-hour runtime mark (i.e., 13 hours and 56 minutes). The M1 Pro MacBook Pro lasted slightly longer with a battery life of 14 hours and 8 minutes.

A 12-minute difference isn't a big deal, but at the same time, I was expecting the M2 Pro MacBook Pro to, at the very least, beat its successor's runtime, but this didn't happen sadly.

Winner: M1 Pro MacBook Pro

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Battery life
M2 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch)M1 Pro MacBook Pro (14-inch)
Runtime13 hours and 56 minutes14 hours and 8 minutes

Bottom line 

With such minor tweaks to the M2 Pro MacBook Pro, it’s no wonder Apple quietly unleashed the next-generation model without much fanfare.

If you’ve learned anything from this comparative analysis (besides the fact that I’m a sarcastic wiseass), I hope you got the memo that the last-gen model isn’t significantly cheaper compared to the current-gen MacBook Pro — at least not yet. As such, you’d be better off just getting the new MacBook Pro (if you don’t own one at all).

However, if you already own an M1 Pro MacBook Pro, should you upgrade? I'm leaning toward yes, but only if you're an on-the-go video editor, animator, or some other professional content creator (especially with Wi-Fi 6E and an advanced HDMI port now in the mix). If you're casual user with an M1 Pro-outfitted MacBook Pro, an upgrade is far from necessary, especially with the M2 Pro MacBook Pro's slight battery life hit.

Kimberly Gedeon

Kimberly Gedeon, holding a Master's degree in International Journalism, launched her career as a journalist for MadameNoire's business beat in 2013. She loved translating stuffy stories about the economy, personal finance and investing into digestible, easy-to-understand, entertaining stories for young women of color. During her time on the business beat, she discovered her passion for tech as she dove into articles about tech entrepreneurship, the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) and the latest tablets. After eight years of freelancing, dabbling in a myriad of beats, she's finally found a home at Laptop Mag that accepts her as the crypto-addicted, virtual reality-loving, investing-focused, tech-fascinated nerd she is. Woot!