Battery Life Saving Tips: An Extremist's Guide

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You’re on an airplane. You’re in the park. You’re nowhere near an outlet, and you desperately need to squeeze the maximum endurance out of your notebook so you can finish what you’re doing before your PC’s energy well runs dry. You’ve probably heard that certain tricks—such as lowering your screen brightness all the way or changing your wallpaper to black—can give you a few more crucial minutes of battery life, but do any of these things really work?

To find out, we took four possible battery-saving settings and measured the effect each one had on our test notebook, the Toshiba Satellite M505. This Intel Core i3 system’s initial time on the LAPTOP Battery Test was more than a little disappointing. On our standard test, which features continuous Web surfing over Wi-Fi at 40-percent brightness, the 14.0-inch laptop lasted a measly 3 hours and 11 minutes. We made the following changes and measured the effect each had on that initial time.

Extreme Setting #1: Turn Brightness Down to 0%

The screen backlight is one of the most power-hungry parts of any notebook. Turn down the brightness and there’s no doubt you’ll save power. The only question is: how much? We normally run our battery test at 40-percent brightness, the default setting Windows uses for its “Power saver” power profile.

Lowering this number to 0 percent will make your notebook’s screen more difficult to see, but will make its battery last longer. Even if you lower the brightness to a number slightly higher than 0 percent, you will see an increase in endurance; experiment to find the lowest brightness setting you can tolerate.

To adjust the brightness on your screen, you can either use hot keys that are specific to your notebook (e.x., hitting Fn + F6 or F7 on the Satellite M505) or change the power settings in the control panel. To adjust brightness via the control panel, launch Power Options, click “Change plan settings” next to your current power plan, and then “Change advanced power settings”, and look for the brightness percentage in the display settings section.

When lowering the brightness from 40 to 0 percent on the Satellite M505, the picture remained clear enough for us to read, while the battery life increased by 11 minutes (5.7 percent). A notebook with longer overall battery life may see an even bigger increase.

Drawbacks: Screen more difficult to read, but how difficult depends on the notebook.

Battery Life Increase:  +11 minutes or 5.7 percent

Extreme Setting #2: Turn Windows 7 Special Effects Off

Windows 7 boasts visual features like Aero Glass, Aero Peek, and countless animations. These special effects look great, but ask a little bit more from your processor. If you disable them, you may save a little juice.

To disable all Windows 7 special effects, first right click on Computer in the Start menu and select Properties. Click “Advanced system settings” and then press the Settings button under Performance. Select “Adjust for best performance” and click OK.

After turning off special effects, the M505’s battery life jumped from 3 hours and 11 minutes to 3 hours and 30 minutes, an increase of 19 minutes (9.9 percent).

Drawbacks: Windows 7 loses a lot of its visual luster and starts looking a lot like Windows XP. You cannot see thumbnails of windows when you hover over an application’s taskbar icon, nor can you peek at your desktop by hovering over the right side of the system tray.

Battery Life Increase: +19 min or 9.9 percent

Extreme Setting #3: Use a High-Contrast, Reverse Text Theme

The more pixels on your screen, the more backlight power is used to light them. But what if most of your desktop were black, requiring fewer pixels to be lit? If you switch Windows to a high-contrast theme, your desktop background and many of the white areas—including white backgrounds on Web pages—will turn black. This can potentially save a ton of power.

To change themes, right click on the Windows desktop and select Personalize. Then choose a theme with reverse text such as High Contrast #1, High Contrast #2, or High Contrast Black.

When we changed from the normal Toshiba theme to a high contrast selection, the desktop turned black and all Web pages we viewed had white text on dark backgrounds. However, we saw battery life increase by a whopping 25 minutes (13.1 percent).

Drawbacks: Text will appear as white against a black background—not the most pleasant viewing experience (unless you’re visually impaired).

Battery Life Increase: +25 minutes or 13.1 percent

Extreme Setting #4: Decrease Processor Utilization

Aside from the display, the processor is another component that gulps power. That’s why netbooks featuring efficient Atom CPUs and notebooks with Ultra-Low Voltage processors last the longest. But what if you could lower your processor’s maximum utilization so it slows down a bit and uses less juice?

Depending on what notebook you use, there may be a number of ways to put your CPU on a leash. Some vendors let you can change settings in the BIOS to turn off turbo mode, lower a CPU’s clock speed, or even disable a core. However, you can go into the Control Panel on any Windows 7 notebook, launch Power Options > Change plan settings > Change advanced power settings, and tweak the maximum processor state under “Processor power management” so that your processor’s capacity cannot exceed 25 percent.

Despite disabling turbo mode in the BIOS and setting its maximum CPU utilization to 25 percent, we saw absolutely no benefit on the Toshiba M505. In fact, battery life declined by a negligible 3 minutes from 3:11 to 3:08. Perhaps if we were doing something more CPU-intensive, like playing a game, we’d have gained some endurance at the expense of performance. Either way, this is a hard setting to recommend.

Drawbacks: Slower overall performance.

Battery Life Increase: -3 minutes or -1.5 percent

Extreme Setting #5: All of the Above

When we combined the above approaches by lowering the brightness to 0 percent, turning off special effects, switching to a reverse-text high-contrast theme, and throttling down the CPU, we did not see any additional benefits; our battery runtime time reached 3:30, a gain of 19 minutes (9.9 percent).

It turns out that when you use a high-contrast theme, Aero effects stop working and the brightness is naturally low, which makes these settings unimportant. Therefore, our end result was similar to those achieved when using a high-contrast theme alone.

Drawbacks: Dark screen, lower performance.

Battery Life Increase: +19 minutes or 9.9 percent

Final Thoughts

If you try any of these settings, your mileage will certainly vary depending both on your hardware and on the tasks you perform. However, one thing remains clear: you can save significant battery life by changing the amount of bright pixels your screen displays. Switching to a high-contrast mode or significantly lowering screen brightness are good ways to buy yourself vital minutes of endurance.

Author Bio
Avram Piltch
Avram Piltch, LAPTOP Online Editorial Director
The official Geeks Geek, as his weekly column is titled, Avram Piltch has guided the editorial and production of since 2007. With his technical knowledge and passion for testing, Avram programmed several of LAPTOP's real-world benchmarks, including the LAPTOP Battery Test. He holds a master’s degree in English from NYU.
Avram Piltch, LAPTOP Online Editorial Director on
Add a comment
  • Kartik Says:

    Thank you for this article.
    There is also one major tweak- Using Windows color calibration wizard, you can lower the gamma.

  • DavidF Says:

    Edit: 1st line 2nd paragraph;
    If you are testing things like processing power and Aero effects ...
    should read
    If you are CHANGING things like processing power and Aero effects ...

  • DavidF Says:

    Nice article. I was in total agreement (almost predicting what your results would be for the tests) ... until, that is, I reached the end. The article's last page suggests that they (power saving effects) all happen when you switch to a high contrast theme and that is why you get the same result (ok, you said 'similar') as all three when you switch to a high contrast theme, but that is not correct. You gained 25 minutes from the high contrast change when nothing else was changed, not 19 minutes. 6 minutes difference is slightly less than one third or one quarter (depending how you want to see it) of the overall difference. I would call that significant. If you tested in the order that you reported I would be inclined to think your overall battery life is, noticeably, less than it was at the start of the tests.

    If you are testing things like processing power and Aero effects, shouldn't you be doing something more than pulling up webpages on a wifi connection? I would think some task bar hovering, perhaps opening and closing a few apps, and possibly some use of codecs would be a better test. I understand you have the one battery test you prefer and use as your standard, but if I am trying to squeeze the most out of my battery (with only one boot up) I am going to be switching between multiple windows and using the task bar. Would it not also be better to;
    (1) use multiple testing models/brands
    (2) a longer lasting laptop/battery combination

  • Douglas Says:

    Some things that I've found that help: turn the brightness right down, turn all wireless off, remove any optical media, unplug unnecessary devices, switch to Windows Classic, drop the resolution to 1024x768 (looks best if you can turn of display scaling so that it appears as a box on the middle of the screen as opposed to a distorted mess) and use in a room that's reasonably cool (to prevent the fans from coming on all the time). This has helped me extend battery life a little bit more.

  • wildbill Says:

    My netbook (Sony Vaio X) has a "Wireless OFF" slide-switch. I don't know what impact its setting has on battery life, but I would expect that if you can turn off all NIC and wireless (including GPS) this would save a lot of power; is this also true for Bluetooth? A strange thing: my laptop's power-management software creates an all-"white" wallpaper background rather than all black. Intuitively I would have expected "all black". Maybe this setting depends on the type of LCD display, e.g. this particular netbook's pixels are "wide open" (transparent) when not driven/powered, whereas perhaps other LCD displays's pixels are the inverse--"closed" (opaque) when not driven/powered. In either case to decrease power we want the display-driver components to be as inactive as possible; this includes reducing backlighting to as dim as possible.

  • KW Says:

    One thing you left out is agressive settings for the display to turn itself off. When on battery I've got the display turning off if I don't use the machine for 5 minutes. I've developed the self-discipline (most of the time) to leave it off till I really need it again. I believe this helps quite a bit although I haven't tried measuring it.

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