How to Upgrade the RAM (Memory) on a Laptop
Whether your older laptop is feeling sluggish or your newer system starts chocking up when you have too many tabs open, adding more RAM could solve the problem. If your computer doesn't have enough physical memory, it starts swapping data to your hard drive or SSD, which is infinitely slower than even the slowest RAM chip. While not all modern laptops give you access to the RAM, many do provide a way to upgrade your memory.
If you can upgrade your laptop's memory, it won't cost you much money or time. Moving from 4 to 8GB (the most common upgrade) usually costs between $25 and $55, depending on whether you need to buy the whole amount or just add 4GB. And the process of swapping out RAM chips should take between 5 and 10 minutes, depending on how many screws you have to remove. Here's how to upgrade your laptop's memory.
1. Find Out if You Can Upgrade
Unfortunately many laptops have sealed bottoms or memory that's soldered onto the motherboard, both situations which prevent you from upgrade the RAM. It's also possible that the system just can't recognize more than a certain amount of memory and you could already be at the max. To find out whether you can upgrade your RAM, try Crucial's Memory Advisor tool. After entering in your brand and exact model of laptop, you should get a screen that shows the maximum amount of memory and how many slots your laptop has.
Crucial also lists memory modules you can buy for your laptop. However, you can get similar DIMMs from other brands as well. Note the speed and type of RAM you need, which is usually either DDR2, DDR3 or DDR4 with a particular speed next to it (ex: "DDR3 PC3-12800").
2. See What You Have Already
Low memory is often the cause of bottlenecks on a computer, and can lead to not just slow performance but also stability problems. If you're a power user--multitasking across several intensive programs or keeping 30 or so browser tabs open at once--more memory will likely help your system run more smoothly.
You can check your laptop's memory usage in Windows Task Manager: With your typical applications open, hit Win+S to search for "task manager" (in Windows 7, hit the Windows key and type "task manager" in the search field). Then, in Task Manager's performance tab, see how much memory is being used out of the total available. You'll also see how many physical memory slots are in use and, thus, how many are available for adding more memory.
You'll get an even more detailed view by clicking on the "Open Resource Monitor" option at the bottom of the Task Manager window and navigating to the Memory tab. Note the screens will look slightly different under Windows 7 (shots below come from Windows 8.1).
Need more memory!
3. Open the Panel to Locate Your Memory Banks
With your additional memory in hand, it's time to upgrade your laptop memory, a pretty straightforward process.
First, turn off your laptop and unplug the power adapter. Then open the panel on the bottom of your laptop covering the memory banks. (Depending on your system, you might have to unscrew the whole back of the laptop to access the memory and other components.)
3. Ground Yourself to Avoid Electrostatic Discharge
Before you touch any component in your PC, though, touch any metal surface inside the computer (e.g., the back of the hard drive or a metal connector for another component). This will discharge any potentially damaging static electricity from your body.
4. Remove Any Memory in the Upper Slot
Chances are any installed memory will be taking the upper slot, so you'll need to remove it and put it in the other bank so you have space for your added memory.
To remove the memory module, push apart the clips holding it in place. The memory module should pop up at an angle.
Then, holding the memory module by its edges--without touching the gold connectors at the bottom, lift the module out.
5. Install the Old Memory Module in the Lower Slot
Next, insert the module into the bottom slot at a 45-degree angle, with the gold edge facing down (the same way it was installed in the upper slot). Use even pressure with your fingers at the top of the module to push it into place. When you hear a click and feel the memory module snap into place, firmly push the module back until it is installed flat and level, with the clips holding it securely.
5. Repeat the Installation with the New Memory Module in the Upper Slot
Take the new memory module, with the gold edge facing down, and repeat the process in the top slot: Insert the module at an angle, and push down and back until it clicks into place.
That's it! Power up your laptop and head back to the System Information window or Task Manager to verify your new memory has been added. Enjoy your upgraded memory!
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