How to Freeze Rows and Columns in Excel 2016

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When you're working with a lot of data, it can be difficult to compare one or more rows with others that are towards the bottom of the workbook. Excel's freeze panes feature solves this problem by letting you lock specific rows so they're always visible when you scroll. Here's how to do that in Excel 2016.

There are two quick steps to freezing or locking rows.

1. Select the row right below the row or rows you want to freeze. If you want to freeze columns, select the cell immediately to the right of the column you want to freeze. In this example, we want to freeze rows 1 to 6, so we've selected row 7.

excel select row

2. Go to the View tab

3. Select the Freeze Panes command and choose "Freeze Panes."

excel freeze panes

That's all there is to it. As you can see in our example, the frozen rows will stay visible when you scroll down. You can tell where the rows were frozen by the green line dividing the frozen rows and the rows below them.

excel freeze panes scroll

If you want to unfreeze the rows, go back to the Freeze Panes command and choose "Unfreeze Panes".

excel unfreeze panes

Note that under the Freeze Panes command, you can also choose "Freeze Top Row," which will freeze the top row that's visible (and any others above it) or "Freeze First Column," which will keep the leftmost column visible when you scroll horizontally.

Besides allowing you to compare different rows in a long spreadsheet, the freeze panes feature lets you keep important information, such as table headings, always in view.

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